Unified Field Theory Theory Of Movement Within Space-Time

  Preface
I have always wondered what a dimension actually is, and why we perceive three of them in one way and a fourth completely differently. Yet through experimentation and observation we have found that they are all intrinsically inter-connected and must all be at right angles to one another, so as to define unique and non-overlapping co-ordinates. Rather than try and prove these theories wrong, instead I will attempt to explain why we perceive those four dimensions and only those four. Is it a limitation of human understanding or a physical limit of the universe? I.e. is the universe a finite size or dimensionality and expanding or is it just our understanding of the universe that is expanding and the universe is constant?

I will also give some thoughts on why mathematicians have long understood imaginary and complex numbers, but physicists have no equivalent to what those complex numbers actually stand for in space-time, possibly leading to the very issues we currently have in defining what a black hole actually is or what this mysterious dark matter and dark energy could be and why they don't interact like normal matter or what happened to all the anti-matter, mass and gravity and why a great deal of it seems to be missing from our current view of the universe.

I hope to show that we can define everything without the need for scale so the physics of the cosmos is the same as the physics for quantum mechanics, the only difference between the two is which direction we are looking at it (top of the well down where light curls inward, or bottom of the well up where light curls outward) and space-time is only relevant to energy in motion and that there is only one form of energy; light, mass, dark matter, dark energy, anti-matter, etc. are all just the same energy moving along different sets of dimensions. This way energy can interact if it has similar dimension connections, and what we see in this universe is only the energy that is moving in the same way as us, i.e. it is expanding along the same time dimension of time.

I also hope to show that we can build up to the complex nature of space-time from a very simple beginning, primarily as a thought exercise to help visualise a mathematical paradox that we must start with; each successive idea building on foundation of the last into ever more complex constructs possibly even leading to an ∞ number of dimensions I.e. 0D -> 1/16D -> 1/8D -> 1/4D -> 1/2D -> 1D -> 2D -> 4D and that increase is our understanding of the universe, and when we finally reach ∞D we return to our original start position of 0D again.

As this understanding increases (the dimensionality also increases), the original energy must be dissipated over more and more dimensions equally causing each one to look as if it has lost more and more energy to space if observed by someone with lesser dimensional attachment - a core principal to the law of conservation of energy and the laws of thermodynamics as energy is neither created or destroyed, and it also must increase entropy (disorder) over time, and space-time for the object can be defined by an arbitrary starting point and its motion, which is also further defined by what dimensionality the object currently has.

First of all we need to define understanding as this is the basis of everything that follows, I think this is the core principal as to why the universe exists at all. To increase understanding, or to learn about itself.
  What is Understanding
The very principal required to define difference and infinite potential, that you have an infinite number of particles and they must all be paired with their corresponding anti-particles so overall everything cancels itself out.

This is best thought of as binary -1 and 1, 1 representing the particle and -1 representing its anti-particle twin where they must both start at the same point, traveling in opposite directions and unless otherwise interacted on by something else must end at the same point. Without the beginning and end being the same point, there would be nothing to supply the energy at the beginning, it could fall off the end breaking the well tested rule where energy can neither be created nor destroyed.

Dimensionality: 0 D & ∞ D

Definition: [0|∞]
  What is Everything (∞) & Nothing (0)
0 defines the beginning of understanding (i.e. nothing is understood before, and therefor can't be negative and must always move forward), the ∞ the limit of understanding and total energy within it. This is where we define the endpoints (minimum and maximum) of scale and overall direction of movement.

This defines the endpoints of a line, but from the previous section we learned that 0 = ∞ so the endpoints must join making the line a circle where the endpoints can be placed anywhere along that line. This is best thought initially as the path taken by virtual particles as they are created and destroyed, the only path possible if they are not acted upon by something else must be circular or they would never re-join each other to annihilate.

Dimensionality: 1/16 D

Definition: [0,∞]
  What is Uniqueness
This is when two similar virtual particles combine to make a longer life light particle that will spin outward as the energy of the new particle is greater than the virtual parts and is the source of light energy and matter we currently understand. Or the anti-particles combine to form a dark particle that will spin inward as the energy of the combination is less than the virtual parts. This makes light matter naturally want to fly apart and dark matter naturally clump together, it also makes the production of dark matter more probable as the paths of the dark matter particles are smaller circles and therefor much more likely to cross paths with other dark matter particles. Dark matter will therefor try and pull back towards 0 and light matter will try to pull towards ∞, and it is the fact there is statistically more dark particles created that condense the light matter into greater and greater mass.

These individual but unique real or dark particles, are greater than nothing 0 and less than everything ∞ but all are different from one another by the direction of travel and/or energy level.

The three numbers (0, 1, ∞) will be the base of everything else going forward as they define the scale of the circular line, and most importantly the points which energy must change its direction of movement by 90 degrees, also known as event horizons such as the one separating energy in the form of an electron cloud around an atom and the mass at the centre (which is why we can't see the nucleus even though it is such a large part of the atom).

Dimensionality: 1/8 D

Definition: [0,∞][+]
  What is Perspective
It is a way a unique particle can understand and quantify difference. The understanding of more than or less than 0, less than ∞ and greater than -∞. This is where we define the direction of the particle 1 and anti-particle -1 with a common ground 0 between the two. The anti-particle never greater than 0 and never less than -∞, the positive particle never less than 0 and never greater the +∞.

The ∞ we used in the previous section which was based on the total circumference of the circle has now been halved, as you will see as we go through each section, the value of ∞ halves again and again. This does two things, firstly it creates greater and greater space (the difference between the ever reducing dark particles and ever increasing light particles) and it creates two horizons. The first horizon is at the 0 point where dark and light particles attract and will eventually be why matter and dark matter attract, the second at the +∞ and -∞ points which will eventually be how light is pulled from matter and dark energy (the light dark matter emits, analogous to a negative photon). The only difference between the perspective of the particle and anti-particle is one is moving clockwise around the circle and the other anti-clockwise, they cross at two points creating the two possible horizons.

Dimensionality: 1/4 D

Definition: [0,∞][+,-]
  What is Direction
Direction is defined by the movement of the particle and its anti-particle twin either side of their mutual starting position 0, it is formed from the combination of two identical and opposite perspectives (one moving clockwise, the other anti-clockwise) each with the same minimum and maximums.

If you think of the circle again as before, if the particle 1 travels clockwise one rotation, the anti-particle twin -1 must travel the same circle but anti-clockwise. In this case the particle and anti-particle twin could meet after one half rotation as both the particle 1 and the anti-particle twin -1 share the same real path, or one complete rotation with both particles arriving back where they originally started.

Dimensionality: 1/2 D

Definition: [0,∞][+,-][r]
  What is a Dimension
If we visualise a dimension as a straight line there is no way 0 and ∞ can be the same, however if we take into account that we must have 0 = ∞ as previously defined and build upon all the previous definitions we have made up to this point, then the most obvious way we can have this is to have a circular dimension based around the generalisation of Euler's formula using complex numbers rather than just real numbers, however the original absolute value for ∞ (or distance travelled by the particle) is actually the total circumference of the circle and as before the number of horizons doubles from two to four (think of it as folding the previous definition in two):

  Single Dimension
circumference = 2*π*radius

So if ∞radius represents a very large value, like when we are defining cosmic scales, the angle ϑ defining the position of the particle in the above graph between +0 and +∞ will approach 0 and the curvature will look almost flat as well as the imaginary portion of the particle approaching 0 (bringing us back to what looks like a flat real dimension that started with infinite light and no mass, aka big bang). However just after that point, the positive light particles would naturally repel and dark anti-particles attract, this is why we have more dark matter and energy in the universe as the dark energy tries to pull everything together and the normal light push everything apart. During the first few seconds it was statistically more likely two anti-photons would attract and interact to make dark matter than two normal photons to make normal matter.

Conversely if the value of ∞radius represents a very small value, as we will have when defining quantum scales, the curvature, angle ϑ and imaginary portions of the observed particle will become far more pronounced and have to be taken into account.

From this point forward I will refer to the radial maximum ∞radius as just ∞ and ∞circumference as v*t because the circumference is directly proportional to the initial momentum (and therefor the Energy of the particle as it has no mass) as well as its lifetime. The direction component is not as important yet, as that only comes into effect when it is compared to other particles, for now only the particle and anti-particle must take paths which are exactly opposite.

Xc = Xr + i*Xi = r*e = r*cos(ϑ) + i*r*sin(ϑ)

v*t = 2*π*r

Since we know it is far simpler to measure the time taken for an object to move a set distance, the real portion of movement and the speed of the object rather than trying to determine the length of r or the angle of rotation ϑ, we can simplify the formulas above. ϑ can be determined by measuring the curvature from the starting point.

E = p*v

E = 2*π*r*p/t

r = E*t/2*π*p = c*t/2*π

Xc = (E*t/2*π*p)*e = (E*t/2*π*p)*(cos(ϑ) + i*sin(ϑ))

Xc = (c*t/2*π)*e = (c*t/2*π)*(cos(ϑ) + i*sin(ϑ))

This allows for us to now define the current position of the particle x, based on the total energy of the particle E and its momentum p, velocity c and lifetime t. From the diagram above, both particles start at the green +0, the positive particle moves anti-clockwise (0 >= ϑ >= 2*π) and the anti-particle move clockwise (2*π >= ϑ >= 0). The space created by this particle anti-particle pair is the area defined by the circle (found by integrating the circumference).

Xr = (E*t/2*π*p)*cos(ϑ) = (c*t/2*π)*cos(ϑ)

Xi = (E*t/2*π*p)*sin(ϑ) = (c*t/2*π)*sin(ϑ)

Given we can only measure the real portion of these paths, we need to concentrate with Xr.

ϑ = arccos(2*π*p*Xr/E*t)

ϑ = arccos(2*π*Xr/c*t)

From Pythagorean trigonometry:

sin(arccos(ϑ)) = sin(ϑ)

cos(arccos(ϑ)) = ϑ

This results in:

Xr = (c*t/2*π)*(2*π*Xr/c*t) = Xr

Xi = (c*t/2*π)*sin(2*π*Xr/c*t)

Xs = π*r2 = π*(c*t/2*π)2 = (c*t)2/4*π

Now we have a direct way to measure the position of the particle as well as its associated direction of momentum, both real and imaginary based on the real position Xr from the start, its speed and lifetime all of which can be measured experimentally. You should notice that these particles only create 2D plane around which they move, defined by both real and imaginary portions (so still 1D).

This dimension therefor defines the path of a single particle/anti-particle pair, however the particle can cross paths with another increasing the energy and therefor the circumference of the circle - giving the expansion of space we see, so as particles interact and condense to larger and larger entities with greater and greater energy, the space and time they define must also expand. While all particle/anti-particle pairs must start at the same point, the direction of travel is random between like particles and can only be exactly determined when referencing the particle with its associated anti-particle twin.

  Showing Phase Difference
The above graph shows the two side by side. Blue line for real numbers (Energy) and red line for imaginary numbers (Mass).

The graph below shows how the imaginary portion must increase and decrease in conjunction with the real portion, so as light decreases, mass increases, matter and dark matter can be converted between each other - however don't interact as they are acting at 90 degrees to one another. Dark energy also works at 90 degrees to normal light, so while it is pulling in all directions, it also can't be seen (also if you think of normal light acting from a point source in space, dark energy would seem to act from the outside of space pulling everything in all directions. So it is pulling light from normal matter whilst also attracting it, while the dark matter pushes matter away if it gets too close - so a vital part of the energy release for both fusion and fission, as well as the ability for matter to clump into larger and larger objects without the dark matter and normal matter cancelling each other out.

  Comparing Sin & Cos in 2D
The red line above depicting how the real numbers must change together with the blue line for imaginary numbers. As you can see the real and imaginary portions are not separate but locked 90 degrees from one another due to the sin/cos portions above, which is why we can think of mass as the same energy, only acting at 90 degrees to light. You can also see energy is neither created or destroyed, but transformed from energy to mass states and back again, as most of the time we have a mixture of both, however the overall direction (what we think of as gravity) is based on the overall direction of momentum, itself based on the value of Xc.

  Combining Sin & Cos in 3D
The above shows how we should be looking at the same graph, now correctly showing how the path taken never crosses, even between the particle (+x) and its anti-particle twin (-x) the y co-ordinates showing the real light portion, z co-ordinates the imaginary mass portion and along x we now see how the particle and its anti-particle twin are inherently connected and travel in the opposite directions.

Section A - ++, this light energy is decreasing (+infin; - -0) and light mass is increasing (+0 - +infin;)

Section B - +-, this dark energy is increasing (-0 - -∞) and light mass is decreasing (+infin; - -0)

Section C - --, this dark energy is decreasing (-infin; - +0) and dark mass is increasing (-0 - -infin;)

Section D - -+, this light energy is increasing (+0 - +infin;) and dark mass is decreasing (-infin; - +0)

Section A starts with all light, no mass and ends with all mass, no light - the start actually is the event horizon we think of as the big bang and the end point is the event horizon we would most associate with black holes. This is where most of the stars we see will sit, both fusing normal matter and giving off light. Think of this as providing the outside portion of visible stars.

Section B would then represent what is inside the black holes and neutron star, with dark energy increasing it will naturally attract and absorb light, whilst also fission normal matter. This is why neutron stars and black holes are black, they are effectively stars turned completely inside out, with the fissionable core on the outside and shining inwards.

Section C represents the dark matter version of a star, with dark energy decreasing and dark matter increasing so rather than the light pushing away in all directions it will attract, and the nucleus of the dark matter will repel in all directions - this is a core reason dark matter attracts over great distances but stays separate from normal matter over short distances, stopping them from easily cancelling each other out. This is actually the outside of the black hole and neutron stars, and why they are so important in the creation of normal stars and definition of space itself as well as how they are so far reaching with their gravity (provided by the anti-photons rather than the nucleus as we would expect from normal matter - so, yes it's the black holes light that attracts stars).

Section D represents the inside of normal stars, with light increasing and dark matter decreasing - the very process that makes the stars shine and why they have defined lifetimes as they actually fission dark matter as the fuel source, which not only originally attracted the matter in the first place creating the metallic hydrogen and providing the compression needed to start fusion, the fusion of normal matter actually acts as the brakes for this process.

We now have the circle of life for all stars, waste from Section A stars is fuel for Section B stars, waste from Section B is fuel for Section C, waste of Section C is fuel for Section D and finally to complete the loop Section D waste is fuel for Section A. This way all stars, planets and dark matter are all intrinsically linked and none would exist without the others. What we think of as electricity, magnetism, strong, and weak forces are all just the same energy moving in different directions with gravity being the overall compound direction (so for positive gravity as we know it, the strong/weak forces exerted by an atom must be greater than the electromagnetic forces. This is why the gravity of an atom is almost 0 as the internal strong/weak forces must be the same as the electromagnetic forces for the atom to be stable, however for larger objects like a planet or star, they have a mixture of dark matter and normal matter and it is the dark matter that provides most of the gravity we see, as the normal matter gets close to the nucleus of the dark matter the repulsive forces become more apparent starting nuclear fusion. Again if you think of energy as flowing around a circle, that circle can be twisted (like a Mobius loop) inside out without breaking the circle. Also what we think of as dark matter is the same as stable anti-matter and the reason we can't see it is because it is either hidden inside stars or planets (providing the attractive force that binds them together and fuels the inner core that provides the light and electromagnetic field that surround them.

You hopefully can now see we have two forms of matter and two forms of light, both at 90 degrees to one another and with exactly the opposite properties, one push, and the other pulls. What we think of as anti-matter is likely dark matter that has been moved from the stable imaginary plane it exists in to the real plane, at which point it can then fully interact and annihilate the normal matter again. If this is true, then dark matter has all the same properties we associate with normal matter in its stable space so it is possible that dark matter can form atoms, and possibly even much larger objects - however as dark matter is more tightly clumped together it would look more like a sea of atoms and light (cold fluid space) rather than the hot galaxies we are used to seeing.

The first dimension is time, as we mentioned previously space can't exist at all without movement. So first energy starts to move, then we get an infinite number of quantum strings (1D energy spread over time, time being the circumference of the universe that everything else connects to, the positive particles moving forward in time, the anti-particle twin backwards in time), that very movement also defining the first spacial dimension for which everything starts at the same point. Beyond that 1D strings will interact with each other to make 2D branes, then they will interact to create 3D subatomic particles we better understand.

I have also added the alternate way to get to space-time 3D + 1T, if we think of space inflating just before time starts we get the second set of definitions below. The end result is the same as both temporal and spacial dimensions must be defined exactly the same way using complex numbers. The two are just transposed copies of each other, however the first is simpler to imagine with the [x,y,z] co-ordinates at right angles and time as the skin (and centre point) of the sphere holding the beginning and end of all further dimensions together and doesn't break the rule that space is created by energy in motion and motion requires time to exist first.

Dimensionality: 1 D

Definition: [0,∞][+,-][r,i], then [0,∞][+,-][r,i][t], then [0,∞][+,-][r,i][t,x], then [0,∞][+,-][r,i][t,x][y], and finally [0,∞][+,-][r,i][t,x][y,z] (Standard, Time Starts First).

Definition: [0,∞][+,-][r,i], then [0,∞][+,-][r,i][x], then [0,∞][+,-][r,i][x,y], then [0,∞][+,-][r,i][x,y][x], and finally [0,∞][+,-][r,i][x,y][z,t] (Infinite Expansion Of Space First).
  What is Flat Space
To think of this you should imagine time again as the movement around the circumference of a circle defined by complex numbers, with its position x also now a circle. The centre point (t = 0) and how the value of x must change as time increases, the path of the particle along x depicted by the vertical lines and path along time by the horizontal lines in the diagram below, unfortunately as we can't see the whole universe we instead see it from the top down (as a flat surface) if viewed from the perspective of the positive particle and from the bottom up if viewed from the perspective of the anti-particle twin, so the positive particles sees 2D space-time expanding in all directions, for the anti-particle where the direction of rotation is reversed it would appear to be contracting in all directions instead. So naturally anti-particles will be more likely to collide as they are contracting towards each other effectively falling from the outer shell towards the core, positive particles doing the opposite expanding from the core to the shell and much less likely to interact. This is the core reason why we have so much more dark matter and dark energy than normal energy and matter, it is also the reason why dark energy attracts and light repels, as well as how dark matter repels and normal matter attracts.

Movement is then around the skin of this 2D structure (it is 2D as it is hollow, even though we show it in 3D below).

  2D Flat Space
The above graph now only shows positive paths, to get a complete picture you would also need to superimpose the same structure spinning anti-clockwise, you should also start to see how dark energy pulls in all directions on normal energy as they are connected at t = 0 (inner singularity) and t = ∞ (outer shell), and space-time expands in concentric circles and near the singularity you have a very steep well and the outer shell is a much more gradual horizon which itself is moving away from you in all directions. This is now starting to look like the classical depiction of a black hole, and where the idea of gravity waves comes from.

I have only mentioned t = 0 to t = ∞ (which is only 1/4 of the total, specifically the bit we can see and understand the most so far), we also have to now understand there are three other parts which we can't see but superimposed over what we can. First is the negative side of the universe, if viewed in 2D like a coin the positive side of the universe being heads (expanding in all directions), the negative side would be tails (contracting in all directions) with two side universes acting at right angles, this is where we start to get differences with normal energy, normal matter, dark energy and dark matter with the normal energy existing in the positive real time quarter (++), dark energy existing in the negative real time quarter (--), normal matter existing in the positive imaginary time quarter (+-) and finally dark matter existing in the negative imaginary quarter (-+).

To get to full space-time, you only need to rotate the whole thing 90 degrees, turning the top 2D expanding sheet for positive energy into a 3D expanding sphere, the negative side a 3D contracting sphere for dark energy, 3D imaginary expanding sphere of normal matter and finally 3D imaginary contracting sphere of dark matter. This rotation is the same as mathematical integration for positive matter and energy, and differentiation for dark matter and energy. Given the inherent binary nature of the way the universe is expanding (in dimensionality, not spatially) integration is the same as binary shift right (increasing dimensionality, combining components into a larger more complex item), and differentiation is the same as binary shift left (decreasing dimensionality, reducing an item into smaller and simpler components).

Dimensionality: 2 D

Definition: [0,∞][+,-][r,i][t,x]
  What is Space & Time
If we want to try and visualise 3D + 1T space-time it is best thought of as four connected and superimposed spheres, starting with a 1D circle, first folding it in two (integrate, shift right, fusion) to get 2D circular area, again folding in two to get 3D sphere. As it does so the values of ∞ (based on the radius if the circle/sphere) halves every time, which has the effect of bringing the positive expanding portion ever closer to the negative contracting portions.

Perhaps this is best shown using s, p, d and f orbitals - s orbitals being 1D + 1T, p orbitals 2D + 1T, d orbitals 3D + 1T, and finally f orbitals showing 4D + 1T all with the same all-encompassing temporal dimension (shown as the skin surrounding the orbital paths, space being defined within it).

If you are wondering where the d0 orbital comes from, it is the inverse of the torus you saw previously with the purple ring being the accretion disk for small black holes and blue areas the jets, the torus is then the depiction of the dark matter part of the black hole which surrounds the accretion disk with a dark energy core pulling light towards the centre, for supermassive black holes that purple disk is where stars are formed which wouldn't be possible if not for the unique properties of the dark matter and dark energy interactions with normal light and matter.

  Space-Time (1D+1T to 4D+1T)
Now we need to look at time being defined by the superposition of the three separate angular movements.

t3D = Fn(tx, ty, tz)

Likewise the [x, y, z] co-ordinates are also connected to the combined t3D now. The easiest way to view this is that time is movement around the circumference or skin of the sphere and the [x, y, z] co-ordinates the point position defining the particles location within the sphere. While the energy itself is constrained to move along the skin of the sphere currently, you should start to see how that motion of energy also creates the space to define the motion - so space, time and energy are all tightly connected and you can't define one without the other two as well.

Like a fire needs fuel, oxygen and heat to exist - the universe needs energy, space and movement to exist. While this process creates lots of space, the energy must flow around the skin of the structures created. For 3D + 1T each dimension is effectively four sub dimensions interconnected via four horizons.

Like previously for the single dimension they must be connected or entangled at both 0 and ∞ points (the horizons we spun the original circle around to make the sphere) with energy allowed to travel around the circular lines of the now four dimensional sphere with the 4th dimension being time that creates the skin and holds the sphere together.

  Space-Time / 4D
Dimensionality: 4 D

Definition: [0,∞][+,-][r,i][t,x][y,z]
  Definition of Matter
Both normal light matter and dark matter are made up of the same energy, only it is interacting (connected and moving along) different sets of dimensions, for example light matter may be connected to the real dimensions [0,∞]*[+,-]*[r]*[t,x]*[y,z] and dark matter may be connected to the imaginary portion [0,∞]*[+,-]*[i]*[t,x]*[y,z] the positive representing the normal state and negative the anti twin.

So from the perspective of each they [dark and light matter] are at right angles and will not have any common set of dimension to allow interaction between each other. It is my thought that of all the solutions we can calculate, mass is produced when the flow is symmetric in some way between the connected dimensions, when it is not then these are the states that permit zero mass energy or the light particles; the more dimensions the energy is connected to (higher complexity the flow pattern or entropy), the heavier the mass. And energy will flow from lower to higher complexity during fusion (energy flows combine), and higher to lower complexity with fission (energy flow splits). This is why high mass particles are more likely to be less stable as there is a greater chance the energy flow is asymmetric (or easily made asymmetric by small increase in energy) causing it to split and form smaller more stable parts.

This may be why fusion requires the particles to be moving at great speed so they can reach the connectivity points marked as (0,∞ and similar) allowing the energy streams to connect and combine, the resultant mass would be greater (more connection points, complexity and therefor entropy) and some energy would be released to regain stability and symmetry and move the resultant particle away from the 0,∞ points again.

Fission happens in the reverse way, a small amount of energy combines with a heavy particle (it is already very close to the 0,∞ in one or more dimensions) causing the resultant energy flow to split into two smaller but equal parts travelling in two different directions and a small amounts of energy allowing for the reaction to continue again unless there is something to remove that energy (like boron that would absorb it) or the fuel source runs out and all matter is converted to lower stable forms far enough away from the 0,∞ points not to react to any additional energy.

Dark matter may be hard for us to see, as we are simply not advanced enough to understand light that shines at right angles to that of normal light (i.e create a detector for it), it’s not breaking any laws; rather we don't know how to view the polarized light coming from it as our sensors are specifically designed to detect light connected to the dimensions we understand [0,∞]*[+,-]*[r]*[t,x]*[y,z] and not [0,∞]*[+,-]*[i]*[t,x]*[y,z]. and the EM spectrum we are currently know may only be a small fraction of what is actually being emitted.

  Electromagnetic Waves
There is another electromagnetic spectrum of light with the ability to shine at right angles to the one we currently know below, and why we currently think of it as dark. Capable of being transmitted as light energy and forming matter, allowing for dark energy and dark matter as well as its anti-matter twin just as we currently understand light energy and matter as well as its destructive anti-matter twin.

  Electromagnetic Spectrum
Suddenly dark matter, and dark energy is not so mysterious or dark anymore and we hopefully can now look for ways to detect it.

It is not hard to see now how easily it is to lose gravity or matter and energy as most is hidden beyond our perception not above gamma or below radio, but rather at 90 degrees to the side in three different but unique ways. Could this be why we are missing all the anti-matter we expected to be created and why we can't see dark matter, how many other forms of energy or matter can arise from the circular nature of space-time that we don’t understand yet?

Could a black hole be a simple knot in space-time where matter and energy is pushed to ever higher and higher energy states as it falls into the core, unwinding it and twisting it in all new directions, energy and matter is not destroyed, but changes phase in one or more of the dimensions, could this be the simple reason why we see matter stretch and stop in time and why they are black to start with a matter is not being destroyed at all, just changed to a completely different state which acts upon different parts of space-time we do not fully understand yet.
  Types of Matter
++ Normal/Light
+- Normal/Dark
-+ Anti/Light
-- Anti/Dark

++ = Photon (+Momentum/-Gravity, Electro/Magnetic Forces)
+- = Neutrino/Z Boson (-Momentum/+Gravity, Weak Force)
-+ = Gluon (-Momentum/+Gravity, Strong Force)
-- = Electron/W Boson (+Momentum/-Gravity, Electro/Magnetic Forces)

Normal energy/matter should have more momentum; Anti energy/matter more charge and/or mass. The table above is only showing the particles I think are most representative of the basic energy states. There will be others of greater complexity (E.g. written as ++--, +-+-) that will give various different mixtures of momentum, charge and mass and act with different combinations of the five fundamental forces, Strong, Weak, Electricity, Magnetism and Gravity. The 16 known standard model leptons, quarks and gauge bosons will likely be represented by the various combinations from ---- to ++++. The higher energy particles found, like the Higgs Boson for example will be states defined by (----,----) to (++++,++++) and be one of 256 different combinations of higher mass/energy, charge, spin, and other factors and it is not required to create mass at all, but rather showing the higher states particles can have.
  Lifecycle of Matter
You should now see we have all five forces Weak force and Neutrino/Z bosons playing a role in fusion of the nucleus, which is at right angles to the Strong force but both are required to make matter and keep it from falling apart. And the Photon (Fission, breaking matter apart), Electron, and W Boson doing the push/pull in other directions, however all four are interlinked with Electron/Neutrino/W/Z Bosons being closely related as well as the Photon/Gluon - the Photon, Gluon, W and Z Bosons, making up the four gauge bosons. The +- and -+ providing the forces using in the nucleus, the ++ and -- the forces that are seen from the outside. Can you see that photons are the likely culprit for masking most of the gravity caused by the neutrinos and everything will have a electromagnetic force or charge facing outside. There are links between ++, +-, -+ and -- (entangled) at the 0,∞ points described previously and give rise to two external forces at right angles (Electro/Magnetic), two internal forces at right angles (Strong/Weak Forces) and one other that pushes or pulls energy either into or out of the nucleus (Gravity/Momentum). This is why we say particles that have momentum also have some mass, strong and weak forces combine to give positive gravity and mass (pull in all directions), photons and electrons combine to provide overall negative gravity (push in all directions). Now you see why the mass is always centred around the nucleus and the charge/light on the outside and how the photons and electrons actually mask the gravity in light stars making them larger and lighter, but don't for dark stars (neutron stars and black holes) and why they are smaller and heavier.

  Lifecycle of Stars
The above shows how both energy and matter are transformed by the four different classes of stars, two of those classes will emit light, two will appear to absorb light. What is waste for one class of star is fuel for the next where matter in the inner core is broken down (fission) and matter in outer core is fused. It also shows how they are also required to absorb one form of radiation and emit the transformed type.

Type A Star (Our Sun, Small Stars)
Inner Core -+ Mass (Fission Anti/Light Matter)
Absorbs +- EM (Normal/Dark Energy, Neutrino)
Outer Core ++ Mass (Fusion Normal/Light Matter)
Emits -- EM (Anti/Dark Energy, Electron)
Long life and decay to small dark stars as they are not large enough to create a black hole. It is these stars that will allow life as we understand it to grow. The largest of these stars will push normal matter beyond normal/light to make normal/dark as the inner core is used up (beyond red giant phase) if large enough or decay into heavier and heavier elements and stable forms of normal/light matter (white dwarfs, etc) that will eventually cool and darken as the small amount of normal/dark is used up.
Type B Star (Neutron Star, Magnatar, Pulsar, Brown/White Dwarfs)
Inner Core ++ Mass (Fission Normal/Light Matter)
Absorbs -- EM (Anti/Dark Energy, Electron)
Outer Core +- Mass (Fusion Normal/Dark Matter)
Emits -+ EM (Anti/Light Energy, Gluon)
Life ending in stable dark matter which can attract anti-dark matter to create new super giants. This dark matter is what will form the inner core of type C stars.
Type C Star (Super Giants)
Inner Core +- Mass (Fission Normal/Dark Matter)
Absorbs -+ EM (Anti/Light Energy, Gluon)
Outer Core -- Mass (Fusion Anti/Dark Matter)
Emits ++ EM (Normal/Light Energy, Photon)
Supernova to form black holes. Short lived as they use up the dark matter and gluons quickly giving off lots of photons and creating a heavy outer core of anti-dark matter. The final supernova is when the last of the dark matter in the inner core is used and the resultant heavy outer core collapses in on itself shedding the photons and other waste products in one final very large explosion. The anti-dark matter is what will form the new inner core of the type D stars (black holes).
Type D Star (Galactic Black Holes, Stellar Black Holes)
Inner Core -- Mass (Fission Anti/Dark Matter)
Absorbs ++ EM (Normal/Light Energy, Photon)
Outer Core -+ Mass (Fusion Anti/Light Matter)
Emits +- EM (Normal/Dark Energy, Neutrino)
Emit dark radiation and outer core attracts normal matter to create smaller stars after the inner core is used up and outer core shed off in all directions. Larger the inner core, the larger the black hole and the longer it will live. The radiation given off is also used to start fusion in Type A stars. So our Type A sun could not exist if not for the waste products of black holes.
Did you see they also alternate between photon/electron emitting (large, push) and photon/electron absorbing (small, pull) phases - the size difference is due to the combination of forces (Strong/Weak - Pull/+Gravity, and Electro/Magnetic - Push/-Gravity) at play and gravity is rather the result of all four fundamental forces rather than being a force on its own and the actions of photons and electrons actually mask it for the light emitting stars explaining why we seem to be missing a lot of it (it hiding inside the star, holding it together).
  What is Life
If we see the stages below of human development, we can see how we start from one egg, once fertilized it splits into two, then four, then eight and onwards in ever more complexity from the initial starting point before which life didn't exist.

Could we simply think of the universe as growing up, rather than expanding? Is it any surprise we think ourselves as being created in Gods image, as you can see from the image of embryo growth it is not far from the truth. Aspects of both creationism and evolutionary theory are correct.

  Foetal Development
Did you also notice that energy moving along a single dimension will have a double helix formed naturally (when viewed flat), I would expect life that understands more of the universe would have DNA that acts in more than one dimension aswell. It is not hard to see how complex things get, fractal in how it uses the same repeated patterns over and over again.

Basically we are a small portion of the universe created to increase understanding, by altering our own perspective (movement) and we are all part of the whole, yet separate from each other at the same time.

Could it be what we think of as God is this very ∞ dimensional cascade or energy source, and we are all lesser beings currently only of fourth dimensional complexity, specifically created to provide the different perspectives and understanding of the differences between us all. This naturally leads to the possibility of life out there that is 5D, 6D and beyond in a cascade of ever increasing complexity and dimension all the way to the top. It would also allow for us to grow far beyond what we currently can perceive or even imagine currently and we are barely scratching the surface of what this universe actually is, and that our imagination is the very way the universe or God is helping us to understand itself as well as we ourselves - they are all one in the same thing.
  Mathematical View
As I mentioned previously the progression from one dimension to four and beyond follows the pattern of a binary counter, with the ∞ representing the limit of understanding and after each iteration the value of the limit is reduced proportional to the inverse of the number of variables used or to the number of possible solutions.

The last result of each section directly leads to the first solution of the next section. While we think of each dimension as being at right angles, we should be viewing each iteration as being at right angles to the previous iteration.

Unique, 1
[0]*[∞]
 
[1]*[∞]
Perspective, 2
[0,0]*[∞]
..........
[1,1]*[∞] = -0
Dimension, 4
[0,0]*[0,0]*[∞]
..........
[1,1]*[1,1]*[∞]
Flat Space, 8
[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[∞]
..........
[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[∞]
Singular Universe (Space-Time), 16
[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[∞]
..........
[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[∞]
Parallel Universe, 32
[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[∞]
..........
[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[∞]
Multiverse, 64
[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[0,0]*[∞]
..........
[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[1,1]*[∞]
As you can see the solutions from this point become very hard to understand even in this format. The numbers are increasing in a binary shift right fashion, or 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 so rather than being just a simple binary counter it is increasing complexity by a factor of two for every increment.

This will continue to increment the number of variables to 128, 256, 512, 1024, etc with the number of solutions being 2^(1+v/2) where v is the number of variables and the value of ∞ being the inverse of the number of ways each solution can repeat * 2. Eventually the value of ∞ reduces to 0 and all possible solutions are found, this loops back to the very beginning as you have now fully defined the original 0 and ∞.
  Summary Points
Did you spot that as I went through building up the understanding of what each layer represents, the value of what ∞ represents gets smaller inversely to the increase in complexity or understanding/perspective? One line, 1/2 x ∞, one dimension with real and imaginary numbers (two sub dimensions) gives 1/4 x ∞. Finally four dimensions gives maximums of 1/16 x ∞., so as complexity increases the size of the object must decrease (giving the impression that space is expanding away from you in all directions when you are shrinking in all directions).

Did you also notice that the way this builds up from the starting point, acts as a binary counter using the three numbers 0, 1 and ∞ we defined right from the start. Effectively this means the counter defines itself, and the ∞ is both a number defining the limit to understanding, but must also represent the change in direction or perspective and a way to eventually reduce itself to 0.

This very idea that ∞ eventually reduces to 0 is why I call this the ∞ cascade, as it also shows that ∞ and 0 are one in the same (from different perspectives) and what we define as 0 and ∞ very much depend on what we are looking at, as well as how. This is the very nature of a fractal, you can continually zoom in or out and you will see the same repeated pattern over and over again. So while we may see any unknowns representing ∞ (like black holes for example), it is in our very nature and that of the universe to reduce those unknowns to 0 to find the answer to everything and anything as it were.

Given everything in this universe is based on circular dimensions is it any surprise we use a circle to define the passage of time and if we close our eyes and try to walk in a straight line we actually follow a circle. Our very planet follows a near circular orbit as is its shape, as are the planets, as does the solar system around the galaxy as well as following the path of a sin wave giving us the procession of ages, something calculated to great detail by the Aztecs many years ago and still found to be very accurate to this day.

Even our old Imperial measurements should make sense and they are base 12 in origin, or equal segments of a clock or our fingers (we use the thumb to point to the number just like a hand points to the segment in a clock, we have two hands as do most of our clocks).